A motorised rifle platoon in the Soviet Armed Forces was mounted in either BTR armoured personnel carriers or BMP infantry fighting vehicles, with the former being more numerous into the late 1980s. Platoons are also used in reconnaissance, light armored reconnaissance (scout dismounts), combat engineer, law enforcement (i.e., military police), Marine Security Force Regiment (MSFR), and Fleet Antiterrorism Security Team (FAST) companies. Sergeants of inferior rank act as assistant squad leaders in the other squads. In an armoured or mechanised battalion, the platoon vehicles could be either Warrior or AFV 432. In a few armies, such as the French Army, a platoon is specifically a cavalry unit, and the infantry use "section" as the equivalent unit. Since soldiers were often organized in two or three lines, each firing its volley together, this would have normally meant platoons organised so that intention half or a third of the company is firing at once. The Israel Defense Forces uses platoons (Hebrew: "mahlakot", literally "divisions") as the basic unit composing the company and usually consists of 30 to 65 soldiers (or 3–4 tanks in the Armored Corps). The Irish Army's infantry platoon consists of 31 soldiers and is commonly referred to as a Rifle Platoon. The "Riflemen" and "Automatic Riflemen" sections were each led by a sergeant and divided into two squads of eight and seven men each, respectively, including a corporal to lead each squad. Platoon organization varies depending on the country and the branch, but a platoon generally comprises 50 people, although specific platoons may range from 9[1] to 100 men.[2]. There was either one empty seat in each BTR or two empty seats in each BMP to accommodate the platoon leader and assistant platoon leader. The weapons platoon typically provides heavy weapons support to the company and includes mortar, anti-armor and heavy machine guns organically. [8] Under Army 2020, a platoon in the Heavy Protected Mobility Regiments will consist of around 30 soldiers in four Mastiff/FRES UV vehicles. There are three Platoons in a Rifle Company, which is commanded by a Major, and three Rifle Companies in an Infantry Battalion, which is commanded by a Lieutenant-Colonel. - A peloton is a mainly a term designating an infantry unit. Marine rifle or weapons platoons would also have from one to four navy hospital corpsmen assigned along with the Marines. Marine Security Force Regiment (MSFR), and Fleet Antiterrorism Security Team (FAST), https://mrvop.wordpress.com/2011/02/09/thaiarmysetting/, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Platoon&oldid=996406616, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2011, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, tank and light armored reconnaissance platoons consist of two sections, each containing two tanks/light armored vehicles and crews, assault amphibian vehicle (AAV) platoons consist of four sections, each containing three AAVs and crews (Per T/O 4652M. In the first platoon, the platoon leader's assistant is a Hauptfeldwebel; in the second and third platoons, the assistant is an Oberfeldwebel. The British Army rifle platoon consists of a platoon headquarters and 3 rifle sections. Every unit in the British Army needs REME personnel to repair, recover and maintain its vehicles and equipment. Add to Wishlist. This may not be the case for all British Infantry units, since the 51mm mortars are not part of the TOE[clarification needed] post-Afghanistan. There is also in the HQ's TO&E a designated marksman rifle—either an SVD or a Szép sniper rifle. Three infantry platoons will make up a typical infantry company, sometimes with a heavy weapons or support platoon in addition. An additional senior sergeant serving as the "platoon sergeant" (originally designated as "assistant to platoon commander" from 1917 until 1940, and as "platoon leader" until 1943, when officer platoon commanders were re-designated as "platoon leaders") was not authorized until 1943. Specialist platoons, like reconnaissance, or "recce" platoons, that may be attached to a battalion may be led by a captain and assisted by a warrant officer. Great quality, good size. However, tank units operating in Eastern Europe began to standardize their platoons to just two tank squads, for a total of 3 tanks and 9 personnel.[15][16]. Indeed, the sections, as well as the platoons, were primarily administrative sub-units of the company, since tactically the company seldom employed in other than as a massed formation. The Georgian Armed Forces equivalent of the platoon is the so-called Ozeuli. [citation needed], An armoured "platoon" is known as a "troop". and, if need be, physically assisting or restraining men who refused to move forward or attempted to flee. In the 17th century the term referred to a small body of musketeers who fired together in a volley alternately with another platoon, and it has always retained some sense of systematic alternate employment. Three Züge make up a Kompanie ("company"). This suggests an augmentative intention. A British Army Group in the First World War. Each platoon was divided into four sections, each commanded by a corporal. Prior to 1940, a platoon might be commanded by either a warrant officer WO III or a lieutenant. A British platoon usually consists of 25 to 30 men. The typical flight commander is a captain. Another of these vehicles is used for the Zugtrupp. Leading your team of engineering experts, you’ll be helping to make the world a safer, better place. The “platoon system” in municipal police and U.S. baseball and gridiron-football organizations signifies the use of two or more shifts or teams of comparable strength that alternate on duty. The rifle squads each consist of two fire teams and a squad leader, while the weapons squad consists of two medium machine gun teams, two close combat missile teams, and a squad leader. From the 1700s until the late 1800s in what would become the United States, an infantry platoon was a "half company" commanded by a lieutenant, assisted by two sergeants and two corporals (increased in 1861 to four corporals). In the Singapore Army, a platoon is a Lieutenant's billet. SKU: UMOS002 Categories: 20mm, British, Infantry, PSC, World War II Tag: New Products. Battalions and brigades were not affected by that system. When predators meet – Anti-Tank Platoon, 2nd Battalion The Parachute Regiment and the US Army’s 1st Battalion, 66th Armor Regiment had … Step 2 If you join an Infantry regiment you go on to do the 16-week Platoon Commanders Battle Course in Brecon, Wales. The Airlanding Platoon was designed to fit neatly into a single Horsa glider as a discrete unit. Usually commanded by a lieutenant, it consists of from 25 to 50 men organized into two or more sections, or squads, led by noncommissioned officers. A platoon is typically the smallest military unit led by a commissioned officer. Depending on the time period, the platoon could include from as few as 20 privates (with two corporals, two sergeants, and a lieutenant) to as many as 44 (with four corporals, two sergeants, and a lieutenant) with 10 to 22 privates per section. However, a dragoneante is still a soldier and can be removed from his position if his commander sees fit. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Each soldier is armed with an automatic or semi-automatic rifle and all commissioned officers carry a side arm. Almost all smaller formations are based on the designations of those reforms, which originally suggested tactical flexibility by keeping the size of small units in round numbers (10, 20, 100). Omissions? His/her deputy has an RPG, there are also two soldiers with PKM machine guns, two with AK-63 assault rifles—one is an RPG grenadier, the other is the Medic—the APC driver and the APC gunner. Lieutenant. Great variations on poses. The Platoon is sub-divided into three section of between 7-10 soldiers, each commanded by a Corporal with a Lance-Corporal as the Section 2iC. Sections are commanded by a Sergeant or Master Corporal with a Master-Corporal or Corporal in the second in command, or 2IC, position; two members of a section will carry C9 LMG's and the remainder will carry C7 or C8 assault rifles fitted with either optics or a grenade launcher. In both BMP and BTR squads, the driver and vehicle gunner stayed with the vehicle when the rest of the squad dismounted, and one squad in the platoon would have one of their rifleman armed with an SVD sniper rifle. [citation needed] Beginning in 1992, the Singapore Armed Forces has allowed warrant officers to be appointed as platoon commanders. Platoon, principal subdivision of a military company, battery, or troop. Those soldiers are divided into 2–4 "classes" ("Kitot") or teams ("Tzvatim"), each composing of 6–21 soldiers. [7] Due to a shortage of officers, a non-commissioned officer rank of Platoon Sergeant Major was introduced from 1938 to 1940 for experienced non-commissioned officers who were given command of platoons. The platoon was reintroduced into the British Army in 1913. Rifle platoons consist of three rifle squads of 13 men each, led by a sergeant (E-5). A typical infantry company consists of 3 rifle platoons and a 4th platoon known as a weapons platoon. This platoon organization included one lieutenant, three sergeants, eight corporals, 15 privates first class, and 32 privates. The Pathfinder Platoon (PF), also known as the Pathfinder Group, is an elite airborne reconnaissance unit within the 16 Air Assault Brigade. A platoon is a part of an infantry company and is further divided into three or four sections. In the British Army, a rifle platoon from an infantry company consists of three sections of eight men, plus a signaller (radio operator), a platoon sergeant (a Sergeant), the platoon commander (either a second lieutenant or lieutenant) and a mortar man operating a light mortar (full strength of 27 men and one officer).Each section is commanded by a corporal, with a lance corporal as second-in-command and six privates divided into two four-man fireteams. The term “squad” was used more generically; any group of three or more soldiers could comprise a squad, and it … The corporal is in charge of all the soldiers except the LMG group which is led by the lance corporal. A unit consisting of several platoons is called a company/battery. It is usually divided into three eight to ten person sections and a heavy weapons detachment which will deploy a GPMG, and a Carl Gustav, depending on mission requirements. In infantry units, rifle platoons are generally made up of five squads. In the South African army, a platoon usually consists of 27 soldiers and one officer organized into three sections 10 soldiers each plus an HQ which contains 8 men. These platoons are equipped with at least one heavy machine gun, rocket launcher or anti-tank gun, with the crews of these weapons commanded by a corporal. The system was said to have been invented by Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden in 1618. An officer was referred to as "platoon commander", while a WO III in the same position was called a "Platoon Sergeant Major" or PSM.[11]. It is unknown whether that usage was abandoned in the 1820s or earlier, but in present days a Georgian platoon still called "Ozeuili" has a similar size to that of other armies. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Rifle platoons normally consist of a small platoon headquarters and three or four sections (Commonwealth) or squads (US). An Infantry Battalion will also contain an organic Support Company (Mortars, Machine-Guns etc.) This article will focus on the British integration of Non-Commissioned Officers to new officers’ training, field conditions, student evaluations, the student/cadre relationship, physical fitness, and student feedback at the British Army’s Platoon Commanders’ Battle Course. Support weapons platoons (such as mortar or anti-tank platoons) are generally larger and are commanded by a captain with a colour Sergeant or WO2 as 2ic. The platoon leader is usually a junior officer—a second or first lieutenant or an equivalent rank. Pathfinders … Made by Heckler and Koch, they fire NATO standard 5.56 x 45mm ammunition. In the Indian army, a Platoon consists of three sections. [9] As of March 2016, the British Army is reviewing whether to retain the FN Herstal Para Minimi 5.56×45mm light machine gun and the M6-640 Commando 60 mm mortar at platoon level in dismounted units. You learn what’s expected of a British Army Officer and how to lead soldiers on and off the battlefield. Each fireteam (also called a "brick" by Australian soldiers) has one soldier with an F89 Minimi LSW and the other three armed with F88 Steyr assault rifles. The typical flight chief is a master sergeant. Everywhere the Army deploys, the REME also go. The Platoon is sub-divided into three squads, each with eight soldiers. The corporals, and the sergeant, prior to the increase to two corporals per section, led the two squads of the section. In a few armies, such as the French Army, a platoon is specifically a cavalry unit, and the infantry use "section" as the equivalent unit. The LMG group is armed with the SS77 while rest of the platoon is armed with R4 assault rifles, with rifle grenades if available. The REME is the British Army’s Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers. Includes mortar, anti-armor and heavy machine guns organically carry a side arm, similar the! 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