[1] Satavahanas dominated the Deccan region from 1st century BCE to 3rd century CE. ( CC BY-SA 3.0 ). Gautamiputra’s son expanded the kingdom, over time the Kshatrapas in the west continued to remain a threat, with territorial battles raging for years. 106 AD - 130 AD : Gautamiputra Satakarni Gautamiputra Satakarni defeated the Western Satrap ruler Nahapana, restored the status of his dynasty by recapturing a large part of the former dominions of the Satavahanas. Karashima, N. 2014. The Junagadh inscription of the Kardamaka ruler Rudradaman I states that he defeated Satakarni, the … His kingdom ran from Krishna in the south to Malwa and Saurashtra in the north and from Berar in the east to the Konkan in the west. So Satakarni set out with his huge army to fight the Saka king Nahapana. And Gautamiputra Satakarni will remain their most glorious and famous ruler. By education, he is a post-graduate in management. S. Nagaraju dates it 106-130 CE. Messiah on Temple Mount: Are We Nearing the End of Time? What's your favourite Fairy Tales (and their possible origins). But Gautamiputra Satakarni wanted to unite the entire Indian sub-continent under his rule and the Western Kshatrapas were encroaching on his borders. He was generally known as a benign ruler to his subjects. Most people who have the Rh blood type are Rh-positive. Not only that, the Greek ambassador Megasthenes who visited the court of Chandragupta Maurya (Ashoka’s grandfather) also wrote in his Indika about a powerful race of people called ‘Andarae’. He assisted the Chera King Cheran Senguttuvan. The mother of Gautamiputra Satakarni was Gautami Balashri (IAST: Gautami Bālaśri), as attested by Nasik prashasti, an inscription found at Cave No.3 of the Pandavleni Caves in Nashik. (KCVelaga / CC BY-SA 4.0 ). Gautamiputra Satkarni (78-102 AD) who is described as the Destroyer of the Shaka, Pahalava and Yavana Power. The inscription mentions his mother as jiva-suta ("having a living son"). The founder of the Sattavahana dynasty was Simuka, he defeated the last Kanva king Susharman and founded the Sattavahana dynasty, in next half century the emperor declined to owe to the Scythian invasion. Gautamiputra looked after his subjects with empathy and his empire had peace and prosper… Little, Brown Book Group. He defeated the Sakas (Scythians), Yavanas (Greeks) and Pahlavas (Parithans). In his period Saka emperor was very strong under Nahapana. Due to these reasons, the culture of considering a section of the society as untouchables as they were born of low birth, increased during his rule. Directed by Radha Krishna Jagarlamudi. The kingdom fragmented into smaller states by the early 3rd century CE. He was the 23rd in this illustrious line of Kings. After the overthrow of the Sakas, the Sattavahana dynasty turned as a formidable power in South. In the Puranas these Satavahanas are described as the Andhras. He belongs to the city of Kolkata... Read More. Ancient Pyramids in an Icy Landscape: Was There an Ancient Civilization in Antarctica? Gautamiputra Satakarni (IAST gautamīputra śatakarṇi) was a ruler of the Satavahana Empire.The exact date of Gautamiputra's reign is uncertain. He ruled for a period of 24 years from 106 to 130 A.D. Gautamiputra Satakarni captured the whole of Deccan and expanded his empire. about The Shroud of Turin: Jesus' Bloodstained Burial Cloth or a Fascinating Forgery? He strongly condemned the narrow casteism which had crept up in the society and promoted the Varnasrama dharma. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. Health problems may occur for the unborn child of a mother with Rh-Negative blood when the baby is Rh-Positive. Who Destroyed the Great Library of Alexandria? They have found evidence for the earliest known carbon nanotubes. He stretched his kingdom to Gujarat, Berar, saurashtra, Malwa and North Konkan. The kingdom fragmented into smaller states by the early 3rd century CE. Shri Pulumavi had perpetual conflict with Rudradaman. D. C. Sircarinterpreted this to mean that the king was ill, and the term jiva-suta was intended to assure the people that the king was alive, while his mother ran the administration. There are also instances, however, where people are Rh-Negative. Even the Kalinga king Kharvela mentioned them in his inscriptions. ( पाटलिपुत्र / Public Domain ). A Concise History of South India . It is possible that by the end of his reign, Gautamiputra lost some of his territory to the Kardamakas, a Western Kshatrapa dynasty that succeeded Nahapana's Kshaharata dynasty. The etymology of Deccan has come from the local word for south – Dakkhin. According to the inscription of his mother, he defeated the Sakas, also known as the Western Kshatrapas; the Indo-Parthians also called Pahlavas; and the Indo-Greeks. Top image: Representative image of Gautamiputra Satakarni a ruler of the Satavahana dynasty. Also, the original homeland of this dynasty is now much disputed among historians. He was however succeeded by his son Vasishthiputra Pulumavi who was also an able ruler. Saurav Ranjan Datta has just released his first book of 12 extraordinary stories of women from India, “ Maidens of Fate ’, available now from Amazon. He is frequently considered as the best leaders of the Satavahana by students of history. The first king is Simuka. The beginning of the Satavahana rule is dated variously from 271 BCE to 30 BCE. He and his descendants also seem to have commissioned many religious structures. His victory over Nagapana, the ruler of Malwa was remarkable. 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By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. This article is about their most powerful ruler called ‘Gautamiputra Satakarni’. Gautamiputra Satakarni Vashishtiputra Sātakarni was in great conflict with the Scythian Western Kshatrapas in the West, but he eventually married the daughter of Rudradaman I of the Western Kshatrapa dynasty, in order to forge an alliance. His administration based on twin foundations of Sastric Laws and humanism. We know about him from an inscription composed by his mother, Gautami Balashri. However, the Satavahanas took their mother’s name not exactly to honor or uphold a matriarchal society , but it is said that since their kings had numerous wives, the children were given the names of their mothers to identify him precisely in reference to his mother. In the eastern part of India, the Chedi mahameghavahana Dynasty rise and in South India Satavahana Dynasty established around the Andhra region. One of the greatest kings was Gautamiputra Satakarni. Based on the Nashik in­scrip­tion of his mother, it ap­pears that Gau­tamipu­tra re­vived the Sa­tava­hana power. Charles Higham dates his reign c. 103-127 CE. He suppressed the Sakas, Yavanas and annexed Kanchi, Kolhapur, Malwa, and many nearby territories. Gautamiputra looked after his subjects with empathy and his empire had peace and prosperity. Coromandel - A Personal History of South India-Little . The dynasty reached its zenith under the rule of Gautamiputra Satakarni and his successor Vasisthiputra Pulamavi. He and his descendants also seem to have commissioned many religious structures. Much of what is known today about Gautamiputra Satakarni is from the numismatics evidence, the Puranas and the Nasik inscriptions of his mother ‘Gautami Balashri’. Learn how your comment data is processed. The founder of the Satavahana dynasty was King Simuka. Archaeologists have discovered a unique hilltop monastery in eastern India. Ancient Origins © 2013 - 2021Disclaimer - Terms of Publication - Privacy Policy & Cookies - Advertising Policy - Submissions - We Give Back - Contact us. Sri Satakarni conquered Berarand Madhya Pradesh. But with the coming to power of Yajnashri Satakarni (152-181 CE), the fortunes of the Satavahanas began to look up again. He is also called as Ekabrahmana. According to the Matsya Purana and the Vayu Purana, Gautamiputra ruled for 21 years. The great emperor Devanampiya Piyadasi Raja Ashoka Maurya in his major rock edicts has referred to a clan called the Andhras, living within the southern boundaries of his empire. Rh-Negative Blood: An Exotic Bloodline or Random Mutation? In later years Gautamiputra uprooted the Yavanas and Pahlavas from Deccan and also recovered his paternal land Maharashtra, the original homeland of the Sattavahanas. At the height of their power, the Satavahanas held distant areas of western and central India. All these denote the ancient lineage of the Satavahanas. Gautamiputra Satakarni (78–106 CE) Eventually Gautamiputra (Sri Yagna) Sātakarni (also known as Shalivahan) (r. 78–106 CE) defeated the Western Satrap ruler Nahapana , restoring the prestige of his dynasty by reconquering a large part of the former dominions of the Sātavāhanas. Watch Gautamiputra Satakarni Full … Egyptian Blue – The Oldest Known Artificial Pigment, Han Purple: A 2,800-year-old artificial pigment that quantum physicists are trying to understand, Secrets Behind the Creepy Plague Doctor Mask and Costume, The Evidence is Cut in Stone: A Compelling Argument for Lost High Technology in Ancient Egypt. Has the Function of the Great Pyramid of Giza Finally Come to Light? With Nandamuri Balakrishna, Hema Malini, Shriya Saran, Kabir Bedi. The reason and the year of Gautamiputra’s death cannot be ascertained now with any definite clarity. Sati, an old Hindu tradition of a widow immolating herself after her husband's death, usually on her husband's funeral pyre. He ruled in the 2nd century AD but the exact dates of his rule or his birth cannot be determined with any certainty now. The Shroud of Turin: Jesus' Bloodstained Burial Cloth or a Fascinating Forgery? Hala, 17th ruler of satavahana dynasty, Hala was himself a great poet and his “ Gathasaptayati ” in prakrit was well received by all. The Satavahanas were originally belonged to somewhere in Deccan plateau and mostly belonged to the Andhra area. According to the inscriptions of Puranas, Simuka defeated few areas which were under the rule of some Sunga Dynasty rulers in the North. 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