The neighbouring states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Meghalaya were once part of Assam. Aircraft movement from Guwahati and Dibrugarh airports stood at 45,539 and 5,502, respectively, in 2019-20. Assam, state in northeastern India. Information About Indian State of Assam. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Their most prominent peak is Chenghehishon (4,460 feet [1,360 metres]). of 12.58% between 2015-16 and 2020-21. Assam is the largest economy in the northeast region. Directorate of Information Technology, Electronics & Communication The Website design follows an integrated approach with the entire department and its sub-organisations form an Integrated Portal. The capital, formerly Shillong (now the capital of Meghalaya), was shifted to Dispur, a suburb of Guwahati, in 1972. Assam, state of India. About 69% of the state's population is engaged in agricultural activities. ASSAM The state of Assam in northeast India had a population of nearly 27 million in 2001. The State is adorned with beautiful lush covers of greenery, a chain of hills and rivers mainly the Brahmaputra and the Barak. Initial effort of planting Chinese varieties in Assam soil did not succeed. Did you know, the Ahom’s who ruled 600 years in the land of Assam were too less in numbers when they first came to the Brahmaputra valley?. According to Hindu mythology, the Brahmaputra rises as the son of the god Brahma from a sacred pool known as the Brahmakund, in neighbouring Arunachal Pradesh. The rich cultural heritage, exotic wildlife, aromatic tea gardens and temples of ancient times enchant the senses and dawn upon us a … Assam is the largest economy in the northeast region. Good Morning everyone,this is the video by which you can understand something about Assam. Please enable Javascript for full functionality, Electronics System Design & Manufacturing. Sal (Shorea robusta) and hollong (Dipterocarpus rhetusus) trees are among the most bountiful of the hardwoods. Assam flora and fauna, Assam wildlife sanctuaries and national parks and Freshwater lakes of Assam. In what state is Bengaluru? Settlement patterns and demographic trends, Assam - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Assam is also the most popular tourist destination among the northeast states. The GSDP of the state grew at a CAGR (in Rs.) It is located south of the eastern Himalayas and comprises of the Brahmaputra River and the Barak River valleys. State Cattle and Buffalo Breeding Policy 2020 - To achieve maximum levels of productivity from low productive cattles, cross-breeding/interbreeding with recognised dairy breed was done. Among those deposits are hard sandstone, soft and loose sand, conglomerates, coal seams, shales, sandy clays, and limestone. Let’s learn together, grow together, rise, explore, discover and rediscover Assam. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Although only a small portion of the Barak River valley lies within Assam’s borders, it nevertheless forms an extensive lowland area that is important for agriculture in the state’s southern region. (2011) 31,169,272. Exports from the state stood at US$104.70 million in FY20. 4.09 trillion (US$ 58.47 billion) in 2020-21. Assam is rich in natural resources, minerals, forests and water and has vast tracts of fertile land. GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE DISTRICT: 1: Temperature: Summer average 27.64° C to 31.67° C. Winter average 19.34° to 23.66° C. 2: Average Rainfall Assam (Assamees: অসম; Ôxôm) is een deelstaat in het noordoosten van India. World Heritage Sites! Major items exported from the state of Assam are tea, Coal, Coke and Briquettes etc. It is located in the northeastern part of the country and is bounded to the north by the kingdom of Bhutan and the state of Arunachal Pradesh, to the east by the states of Nagaland and Manipur, to the south by the states of Mizoram and Tripura, and to the west by Bangladesh and the states of Meghalaya and West Bengal. Due to the high potential for development of wildlife tourism in the state, the Central Government increased the funds under the centrally sponsored “Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats” scheme towards the state to US$ 428,000 for the year 2017-18. It is the perfect destination to break from hectic, mundane and chaotic city life. Commissionerate of Labour, Assam Driver, Peon and Chowkidar recuritment 2021,exam pattern,syllabus, selection process @ AssamJobBank.com Commissionerate of Labour, Assam The state of Assam is the North-eastern region of India. Roughly between the Brahmaputra valley and the south-central hill region are the northern ranges, which extend northeastward from Dabaka (east of Dispur) to Bokakhat in east-central Assam. Assam has numerous wildlife sanctuaries, the most prominent of which are two UNESCO World Heritage sites—the Kaziranga National Park (designated in 1985), on the bank of the Brahmaputra River, and the Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (designated in 1992), near the border with Bhutan. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Assam is India’s gateway to the east. Detailed information is provided on natural resources of the state such as medicinal plants, minerals, plants, herbs, sericulture, forest resources, mineral resources, etc. Assam is the eastern most sentinel of India endowed with enchanting and picturesque natural beauty. Trip To Assam Lasts But A Few Days, Memories Of Assam Lasts A Lifetime. The Government has set a target to generate 6,500 MW power in the state by 2030. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. According to Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT), total FDI inflow for Assam stood at US$ 5.35 million between October 2019 and June 2020. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Freight handled at Guwahati and Dibrugarh airports stood at 21,270 MT and 909 MT, respectively, during same period. Here are 12 facts about Assam that make it stand out from the rest of the Indian states Former Professor of Geography, Gauhāti University, Assam, India. Geologically, the Brahmaputra and Barak valleys lie on ancient alluvial sediments, which themselves cover a variety of deposits from the Neogene and Paleogene periods (i.e., some 2.6 to 65 million years old). Among the other notable inhabitants of Assam’s forests are elephants, gaurs (wild oxen), wild pigs, various species of deer, and primates, such as langurs and hoolock gibbons. And that’s how it became a prominent part of the Indian kingdom. Assam - Assam - History: In the earliest recorded times, Assam was part of Kamarupa, a state that had its capital at Pragjyotishapura (now Guwahati). Assam (Assamese: অসম) is a state in the north eastern region of India. Assam Guide Give you all information about Important and historical places National Parks sanctuaries and many more and you can gain lot of knowledge from us. In 2019 (as of December 2019), 4.7 million tourists arrived in Assam. It has an area of 78,438 km² (30,285 mi²). Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport and Dibrugarh Airport are the most popular airports in the state. An overwhelmingly agricultural state, producing over 50 percent of India's tea, Assam has one of India's lowest literacy rates and highest poverty rates. Annual rainfall in Assam is not only the highest in the country but also ranks among the highest in the world; its annual average varies from about 70 inches (1,800 mm) in the west to more than 120 inches (3,000 mm) in the east. Britannica now has a site just for parents! Assam, which is shaped roughly like a Y laid on its side, is a land of plains and river valleys. Image: wikimedia.org. Yes, as per Assam’s history their numbers were only 9000 people. Knowmore Assam Knowmore Assam is your very own platform, where you together with our team can help unravel the treasures of our motherland Assam. Among the most severe are those recorded in 1897, with the Shillong Plateau as the epicentre; in 1930, with Dhuburi as the epicentre; and in 1950, with Zayu (Rima) in Tibet at the Arunachal Pradesh border as the epicentre. Under State Budget 2020-21, Government announced setting up of five polytechnics, seven new Government colleges, two medical colleges, one ayurvedic college, one new law college, and new university Sati Sadhoni Rayjik Vishwavidyalaya. Many times it happens that we ignore small things, but always a small thing contains a big story, so only Assam Guide can educate you about these. The Rengma Hills to the south of the ridge average about 3,000 feet (900 metres). The 1950 earthquake is considered one of the most disastrous in South Asia’s history. The state also has dozens of species of reptiles, including poisonous snakes, such as kraits, cobras, and vipers; an array of lizards, skinks, and geckos; and many types of turtles. 4. There is one major river (Brahamputra) that flows through the length of the state. Come with us and explore a beautiful state of north-east India. Author of. De kleine plaats Dispur, onderdeel van de gemeente Guwahati, fungeert als hoofdstad. Guwahati is ook de grootste stad van Assam. Origin of assam name and Etymology of Assam. The Assam Government has approved 11 integrated infrastructure development centres across the state. Assam, the gateway to North-East India is known for its rich and diverse wildlife, amazing traditional cuisine, vibrant dance forms and its hospitality.Favourite among the travellers all over the world, Assam is so much more than a mere tourist destination. Get information about Assam - districts, facts, history, economy, infrastructure, society, culture and travel. Assam is identified for its aromatic tea gardens and as expected, tea is the major source of revenue to this state. ASSAM. In FY20, the total tea exports from Assam accounted for US$312.46 million, which was 72% of the total export. Details of accommodations for tourist, various travel destinations, tour and travel packages are also given. Major physical geographical features of Assam. Holidays to Assam- Tour My India is the biggest travel guide portal on Assam tourism. Numerous streams and rivulets that flow from the neighbouring hills empty into the Brahmaputra. Although some rain occurs from March through May, the heaviest precipitation comes with the southwest monsoon, which arrives in June, stays through September, and often causes widespread and destructive flooding. To facilitate infrastructure support, the State Industries and Commerce Department has sponsored three projects as industrial growth centres at Chariduar, Matia and Chaygaon-Patgaon. The cool season generally lasts from October to February and is marked by fogs and brief showers. The state is surrounded by land. Assam’s Entry Into India! Owing to its relative proximity to the rest of the country and availability of quality infrastructure, the state offers a favourable environment for industry. How many countries border India? Some of the major initiatives taken by the Government to promote Assam as an investment destination are: Note: P - Provisional, ** - Including Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Assam, and Tripura, Copyright © 2010-2021 India Brand Equity Foundation, All material, information, data, images or content on this website is subject to copyright or other applicable intellectual property laws and no part of it can be reproduced in any form (including paper or electronic form) without prior written consent and approval from IBEF. The name Assam is derived from the word asama, meaning “peerless” in the now extinct Ahom language. Information about Assam tourism industry, wildlife, monuments, fair and festivals etc. Average temperatures in Assam range from highs in the upper 90s F (about 36 °C) in August to lows in the mid-40s F (about 7 °C) in January. De staat heeft 31.205.576 inwoners. Explore Now Writer's Section assamica (Masters). Assam has the largest tea growing area in the world, constituting around one-seventh of the global tea production. 1. The state lies on the foothills of the Himalayas. Forests, formerly extending over nearly two-fifths of the state’s area, were reduced by the creation of Meghalaya and Mizoram in the early 1970s. It also has 20 industrial estates, three industrial growth centres, 11 Integrated Infrastructure Development Depots, 17 industrial areas, 12 growth centres, eight mini industrial estates, one export promotion park and one food processing industrial park. Studded with low, isolated hills and ridges that rise abruptly from the plain, the valley is rarely more than 50 miles (80 km) wide and is surrounded on all sides, except on the west, by mountains. Assam Electronics Development Corporation Ltd. Related links to access information about sports and adventure, pilgrimage, arts and crafts are available. Ancient Kamarupa included roughly the Brahmaputra River valley, Bhutan, the Rangpur region (now in Bangladesh), and Koch Bihar, in West Bengal state. Between April 2020 and July 2020, production of tea in the state stood at 210.13 million kgs, contributing 48% to the total tea production in India. The south-central hills between Meghalaya, Nagaland, and Manipur include the North Cachar Hills and form part of the Meghalaya Plateau, which may have been an extension of Gondwana (an ancient landmass in the Southern Hemisphere that once grouped together South America, Africa, Australia, and part of the Indian subcontinent). Assam is home to some 75 species of trees, many of which have commercial value. They actually came from the ‘Mong Mao Lung’ of South-China’s Yunnan provision.. Let’s get started, let’s know more Assam. Find out complete information about popular tourist destinations in Assam. The river enters Assam near Sadiya in the extreme northeast and runs westward through the length of Assam for nearly 450 miles (725 km) before turning south to enter the plains of Bangladesh. Area 30,285 square miles (78,438 square km). Updates? is provided. About Us; The Assam Non-Government Educational Institution (Regulations and Management Act, 2006) was enacted with view to regulate the establishments and management of non-government educational institutions in the state of Assam. Assam tea is a black tea named after the region of its production, Assam, India.Assam tea is manufactured specifically from the plant Camellia sinensis var. Assam is located on the north-eastern front of India. Delhi lies on which river? Ferry in Kaziranga National Park, Assam, India. OFFICIAL PORTAL OF THE FEE REGULATORY COMMITTEE, ASSAM. Pop. In the early 21st century about one-third of Assam was covered with various types of woodlands, including tropical evergreen and deciduous forests, broad-leaved hill forests, pine forests, and swamp forests, as well as grasslands. Assam culture and tradition, assam cultural life,The people of Assam are a mixture of Mongolian, Indo-Burmese, Indo-Iranian and Aryan origin. It generally has a northerly slope, with average elevations ranging from about 1,500 feet (450 metres) to about 3,300 feet (1,000 metres). Make your Assam tour & holiday plan with TMI, an award-winning govt approved tour operator in India. Assam tea is indigenous to Assam. We share all information about Assam. Assam has a unique landscape with sprawling tea gardens and unending stretches of paddy fields interspersed with groves of coconut, areca nuts, and banana trees. 5 Facts About Assam. Assam is one among the "Seven Sister states" in India. Like most of the north-eastern states of India, the economy of Assam is mainly agrarian. 3. Isolated from the main plateau by the embayments of the Kepili River, the upland there displays a rugged topography. The state escapes the normal Indian hot, dry season. Moreover, the countries Bangladesh and Bhutan share the international borders with this state. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It is endowed with sheer greenery as if a symbol of divine perfection. The state has three principal physical regions: the Brahmaputra River valley in the north, the Barak River (upper Surma River) valley in the south, and the hilly region between Meghalaya (to the west) and Nagaland and Manipur (to the east) in the south-central part of the state. It created heavy landslides that blocked the courses of many hill streams. Sport Assam, Historic Assam, Ancient Assam, Culture of Assam, News, Health and many more. Over 72 Lakh farmers benefit from ongoing KMS Procurement: Agriculture... Assam plans to provide functional tap connections to 13 lakh rural... APEDA-CFTRI Sign MoU for Liason Office in... IndianOil, OIL tie up for CO2-assisted enhanced oil... Assam Industrial Development Corporation Ltd, Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India. Elephant in Kaziranga National Park, Assam, northeastern India. Assam has rich Ethnic culture. This mixture of people constitutes the population of the state and they call themselves as ``Asomiya'' or ``Assamese'' and the language is also referred by the same. After the Anglo-Burmese War of 1824-26, the British occupied the region of Assam. Assam has the largest tea growing area in the world, constituting around one-seventh of the global tea production. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Omissions? At current prices, Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of Assam is estimated to reach Rs. As of August 2020, Assam had a total installed power generation capacity of 1,759.84 MW, of which 1,253.64 MW was under central utilities, 71.83 MW was under private utilities and 434.37 MW was under state utilities. Of those regions, the Brahmaputra River valley is the largest. The name Assam is derived from the word ‘asama,’ meaning ‘peerless’ in the now extinct Ahom language. The capital, formerly Shillong, was shifted to Dispur in 1972. Passenger traffic at Guwahati and Dibrugarh airports in 2019-20 was 54,57,449 and 5,31,993, respectively. Explore India’s vibrant geography and history with this quiz. Home Assam Information About Assam: Assam Introduction. The neighboring states of Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, and Meghalaya were once part of Assam. Assam-Interesting facts about Assam state, Dispur Capital, Famous things, Latest facts about the state-2019, Majuli Island and Umanamda Island. Hornbills are characteristic of Assam, although they are endangered in some areas. Assam is at 19th position among all Indian states in terms of literacy. Earthquakes are common in Assam. Assam information is a knowledgeable blog over the internet it's providing all about Assam and other helpful topic. There are two UNESCO approved World Heritage Sites in Assam- Kaziranga National Park and Manas Wildlife Sanctuary. Assam Tourism: Tripadvisor has 32,277 reviews of Assam Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Assam resource. Common birds include cormorants, herons, ducks, and other water birds, as well as warblers, thrushes, owls, and peacocks. For consent related queries and conditions, please write to info.brandindia@ibef.org, An initiative of the Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Government of India, ALERT : Javacript is either disabled OR not not supported by this browser. Literacy rate of Assam is 72.19 % which is below India’s average literacy rate of 74.04 %. Facts about Assam – Assam is one of the Seven Sister States and is encircled by the remaining Sister states – Tripura, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur and Arunachal Pradesh – and another state West Bengal. The state accounts for over 53.55% in the country’s overall tea production. Infringements are subject to prosecution under the applicable laws. Bamboo, orchids, and ferns also are abundant. It is bigger than Panama but smaller than the Czech Republic. Owing to its relative proximity to the rest of the country and availability of quality infrastructure, the state offers a favourable environment for industry. It has been the living place of various races, tribes and ethnic groups since time immemorial. Assam is one of the Northeastern state of India. Both are refuges for the fast-disappearing Indian one-horned rhinoceros, and the sanctuary at Manas is known especially for its tigers and leopards. Government introduced Jyotisman Asom scheme under Budget 2020-21 to provide free electricity to all households whose monthly electricity consumption is up to 30 units. Assam, a celestial tourist destination has a lot of overwhelming attractions to offer to travellers. The floods that followed the bursting of those earthquake-generated dams caused more loss of life and property than the earthquake itself. Mineral Resources of Assam – Oil and Natural Gas, Coal, limestone; Social and Cultural Facts about Assam. Assam information will help you gain your knowledge. Minerals, forests and water and has vast tracts of fertile land this email, you are to... In Rs. Home to some 75 species of trees, many of have! Expected, tea is the major source of revenue to this state &.... 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