Page-8 section-1 About The Place: Surkotada is a small, 3.5 acre site northeast of Bhuj, in Gujarat. Many unique and distinctive features are associated with the site. the seal was of steatite material, square or rectangular in shape. E -mail: info@gujarattourism.com, Holiday Village Resorts, Gandhidham, Kutch, Registration of Tourist Guide Training Program. "At Surkotada from all three periods [roughly 2100-1700 BCE] quite a good number of bones of horse (Equus Caballus) and ass (Equus asinus) have been recovered" (p. 381). Mohenjo-daro is the largest site and Allahdino is the smallest site of Indus civilization. Over 1,052 cities and settlements have been found. Only 40 sites are located on the river Indus and its tributaries and around 1,100 (80%) sites … Harappa in western Punjab, near river Ravi 2. Fax:+91 79 23977202 This unique civilization existed between 2500 B.C. Harappa was discovered by Dayaram Sahni in 1921. The newcomers used a coarse red pottery. in the north east to Sutkagendur (in Baluchistan) in the west. and built a fortified citadel and residential annexe, made of mud brick, mud lumps and rubble, containing houses with bath-rooms and drains. Ancient port. A sculpture of a bronze chariot, 45 cm long and 16 cm wide, yoked to two oxen, driven by a man 16 cm high standing in it; and three other bronze sculptures. By Road Largest and Smallest Site; Rakhigarhi is the largest site, and Allahdino is the smallest site. List of archaeological sites by continent and age, "A unique Late Bronze Age copper fish-hook from Bet Dwarka Island, Gujarat, west coast of India: Evidence on the advance fishing technology in ancient India", "Explorations, and excavations: Gujarat: 19. Indus Valley Civilisation MCQ is important for exams like IBPS, SCC, UPSC, NET etc. Toll Free Number:1800 203 1111 Terrecotta wheels, toys, figurines, pottery. Most of the information regarding Indus Valley Civilization/Harappan Civilization comes from Mohenjodaro. Granaries, coffin burial, lot of artifacts, important Indus Valley Civilization town, the first town which is excavated and studied in detail, fortified citadel, lower town, public gathering area, Copper smelting furnaces with copper slag and pot shards. Features of Indus Valley Civilization . Important Sites of Indus Valley Civilization. Domestication of animals: Domestication of animals was done in this civilization at a very large scale. Udyog Bhavan, Block No. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between 2700 BC- 1900 BC. It was discovered and excavated by Shri Jagat Pati Joshi of ASI in 1964-1968. Lothal in Ahmedabad, near river Sabarmati 7. 14. Major Sites of Indus Valley Civilization. History section provides you all type of mcq questions on Indus Valley Civilisation with explanations. Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Maharaja Sayyajirao University, Baroda. Cities of Indus Valley Civilization: [quads id=”5″] 12 Mohenjo-Daro is the largest site, and Allahdino is the smallest site Mohenjo-Daro, with an area of … Mohenjodaro (one of the major sites, near river Indus in Sindh) was discovered by R. D. Banerjee in 1922. 14-18. It may have been the third major center in the IVC as it is near to the copper-rich mines in Rajasthan. This civilization is known with these three names-Indus Civilization; Indus Valley Civilization; Harappa Civilization; More than 1000 sites were found of this Civilization. 1. By 2600 BCE, small Early Harappan communities had developed into large urban centers. Their buildings had two or sometimes more stories. The civilization is famous for its large and well-planned cities. Massive stone fortification, Harappan pottery, three script bearing seals; one of steatite, one of copper and one of terracotta. of Indus Valley Civilisation is already published in this website. On the valleys of river Indus. These cities include Harappa, Ganeriwala, and Mohenjo-daro in modern-day Pakistan and Dholavira, Kalibangan, Rakhigarhi, Rupar, and Lothalin modern-day India. 5 Facts on Drainage System of Indus Valley Civilization. Tel:+91 79 23977200 Aprox 30 kms from Rapar. Shri Jagat Pati Joshi, Excavation at Surkotada and Exploration in Kutch, Archaeological Survey of India, 1990, pp. The IVC residents did not develop irrigation capabilities, relying mainly on the seasonal monsoons leading to summer floods. A detailed note about the features, sites, society, religion etc. driving time is 7 hours . Seals from the Indus Civilization. This area was named as Indus valley as it was situated on the banks of river Indus, whose source is the perennial waters of Himalayan Mountains. Usually, buttons are used for fastening purposes, but the purpose of inventing buttons in the Indus Valley Civilization was to use it as an ornament for various events and programmes. Equidistant from both Harappa and Mohenjodaro, it is near a dry bed of the former Ghaggar River. They were good builders. Ahmedabad is 335 ilometers from bhuj approx. Banawali in Hissar, near river Saraswati. Bear in mind that an on-site guest house allows the possibility of a more leisurely experience, rather than a day trip. major unexcavated site (greater than 300 hectares), Bead making factory, dockyard, button seal, fire altars, painted jar, earliest cultivation of rice (1800 BC), northernmost Harappan site in Himalayan foothills, Earliest agricultural community (7000-5000 BC). Figure of chariot tied to a pair of bullocks and driven by a nude human, Water harvesting and number of reservoirs, use of rocks for constructions, Largest burial site of IVC, with 65 burials, found in India. Canals found: Traces of canals have also been found at some sites of Indus valley civilization. Famous monumental buildings 3. Rangpur in Ahmedabad, near river Meedar 5. Indus valley civilization was extended in a large area. circa 2300 B.C. UPPSC 2021 - Watch the live class on "Important Sites of Indus Valley Civilization" for UPPCS Preparation by Waris Siddiqui Sir. This is a List of Indus Valley Civilization discoveries. The first city to be discovered by excavation (digging up) was Harappa and therefore this civilization is also known as 'Harappan Civilization'. It is a site of almost the same size as Mahenjodaro. Centre of the civilization was in Sind and Punjab and from there, it spread in all directions. These cities contained well-organized wastewater drainage systems, trash collection systems, and possibly even public granaries and baths. The area of Mohnejodaro is over 200 ha , one of the largest settlements in the IVC. A large building complex, unicorn seal, shell bangles, beads, copper bangles, needles, antimony rods, steatite micro beads; pottery include large and medium size jars, beaker, dishes, dish-on-stand, perforated jars etc. Sutkagendor in Baluchistan, near river Dashta 4. A new element in the population along with the already extant Harappa is seen in c. 1900 B.C. The Period of Indus valley civilization was 2500 B.C to 1500 B.C. Flood-supported farming led to large agricultural surpluses, which in turn supported the development of cities. Cemeteries, wooden coffins, bronze figure of bullock cart, etc. Measurement system: Here in this civilization, people had developed their unique weighing and measurement system which was the multiple of 16. Facts about Indus Valley Civilization Mohenjo-daro is the largest site and Allahdino is the smallest site of the Indus Valley Civilization. Most of these are small, but amongst them are some of the largest cities of their time, especially Harappa and Mohenjo-daro. (2012), the slow southward migration of the monsoons across Asia initially allowed the Indus Valley villages to develop by taming the floods of the Indus and its tributaries. Recent excavations were reported in Punjab which are quite large-. 4th Floor, Sector-11, More than 90% of the inscribed objects and seals discovered were found at ancient urban centres along the Indus river in Pakistan, mainly Harappa and Mohenjo-daro. ", "Hidden agenda testing models of the social and political organisation of the Indus Valley tradition", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Indus_Valley_Civilisation_sites&oldid=1001403383, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Human skeleton, ornaments, 5 meter long and 3 meter clay oven, a pitcher filled with 8000 pearls, Late Harappan seal, inscribed jar, the mould of coppersmith, a copper fishhook, Graffiti of a dancing girl on pottery, which resembles a dancing girl statue found at Mohenjo-Daro. It is the first site to be discovered in the whole of Indus valley civilization sites. Bhuj is the closest rail node to Dholavira. Dholavira is 250 km from Bhuj and is reached via Bhachau and Rapar. Economy. Cities of Indus Valley Civilization. [3] Only 40 sites are located on the river Indus and its tributaries and around 1,100 (80%) sites sites are located on the plains between rivers Ganges and Indus. Town planning and domestic architecture ADVERTISEMENTS: 2. The Harappans came to Surkotadaaround 2300 B.C. Ornamental buttons are one of the most significant inventions of Indus Valley Civilization. Bangles of clay, Westernmost known site of IVC, Fortification bastion few houses foundations, At 100 hectares, this has the potential to be another city, This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 14:53. Horse remains are about 1% of all animal remains, with cattle at 40% comprising by far the most, and sheep and goats the second-most, about half that much; rodents at 6% seem to be the next largest category, with deer (2.4%) and dog (4%) and pig (3%) also found. Indus Valley Civilization was an ancient civilization that thrived along the course of Indus river in North-Western part of Indian subcontinent It is also referred to as Harappan Civilization owing to the fact that this civilization was first discovered in 1921 at the modern site of Harappa situated in the Punjab province Punjab of current day Pakistan. Dholavira, Gujarat – One of the largest cities of the Indus Valley Civilization across India, Pakistan and Afghanistan, this site in northern Gujarat was almost continuously occupied from about 2650 BCE to 1450 BCE. Buttons made during that period had holes pierced in them and were made in various geometrical shapes, an… ", "At Surkotada, throughout, a compact citadel and residential annexe complex has been found, but no city complex has been unearthed.". "Almost all the pottery shapes were in conformity with the material available at other Harappan sites. ", "The entrances in the southern and south-eastern sides in the citadel and residential annexe respectively are just simply openings of moderate dimensions without any architectural embellishment. The nearest airport is Bhuj. Indus valley civilization is one the oldest civilization in the world. Gandhinagar - 382 011. Ceramic artifacts, including bowls. The Indus Valley Civilization site was hit by almost 10 feet of water as the Sutlej Yamuna link canal overflowed. The ruins of Mohenjo-daro were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1980. Rakhigarhi is largest known Harappan site. Excavations at Shikarpur, Gujarat 2008-2009. Spread over 550 hectares, this nondescript village is about double than that of the Mohenjo Daro site, which was earlier considered as the biggest Harappan … The Rudra Mata airport at Bhuj is a small but busy node that connects Mumbai to Bhuj. Harappa is situated near the old course of river Ravi in the Western Punjab region of Pakistan. The ruins of the site shows skillful design. The Indus Valley is contemporary with the civilizations of Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. Beginning of city life. The Indus Valley Civilization contained more than 1,000 cities and settlements. About The Place: Surkotada is a small, 3.5 acre site northeast of Bhuj, in Gujarat. The Harappans had a fortified citadel and residential annexe in Period IA and the same pattern of settlement had been maintained through the successive sub-periods IB and IC.". Production of shell bangles, semi-precious beads, etc. They were made from the seashell during 2000 BCE. [2] The oldest site of Indus Valley Civilization, Bhirrana[4] and the largest site, Rakhigarhi[5] are located in Indian state of Haryana. Astha Dibyopama, Yong Jun Kim, Chang Seok Oh, Dong Hoon Shin , Vasant Shinde, 2015, Archaeological Survey of India Publication:Indian Archaeology 1963-64 A Review. During this Period, IB, a revetment was added to the fortification of the citadel. Generally. Rakhigarhi is the largest site, and Allahdino is the smallest site. As the three of the world’s civilizations developed along the river banks {Egyptian on Nile, Mesopotamian on Tigris–Euphrates, Chinese on the Yangtse}, the Indus valley civilization developed on bank of Indus and several other nearby rivers such as Ghaggar– Hakra, the now dried up Saraswati and the Drasadvati. were found in Harappa. Over 1400 Indus Valley Civilization sites have been discovered,[1] of which 925 sites are in India and 475 sites in Pakistan,[2] while some sites in Afghanistan are believed to be trading colonies. [6][7] More than 50 IVC burial sites have been found, main sites among those are Rakhigarhi (first site with genetic testing), Sanauli, Farmana, Kalibangan, Lothal, Dholavira, Mehrgarh, Harappa, and Mohenjo-daro.[8]. The area of Harappa , the eponymous city of Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) is over 150 ha. By Air Archaeological Survey of India.Page 19. Rakhigarhi is known as the biggest Harappan site. There are a large number of plates, mostly black and white. Indus Valley Civilisation MCQ Questions and answers with easy explanations. Some of them are given below: 1. Skeleton of child, terracotta like pottery, bangles, seals similar to other Harappan sites, Ware House, Industrial area, gold, copper, semi-precious stone, shell objects, and weight hoards, Salt production centre, by evaporating sea water. Mohenjodaro in Sindh, near river Indus 3. They had advanced sanitation systems. It was discovered and excavated by Shri Jagat Pati Joshi of ASI in 1964-1968. The large number of their presence at Mohenjodaro and Harappa indicate their popularity. It leaves at 05:00 the next morning and returns to Bhuj by 11:30. This Indus valley extended from a North-western part of India to modern-day North-east Afghanistan and Pakistan. The population along with the site society, religion etc uppsc 2021 - Watch live. 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