Below is a massive list of architecture words - that is, words related to architecture. Vernacular architecture responds to local methods of building construction, local climates, and local living needs and traditions. Statues of men and women dressed in ancient Grecian or Roman attire. Rafters are the inclined, sloping framing members of a roof, and to which the roof covering is affixed. IA is a global firm of interior designers, strategists, specialists and architects committed to creativity, innovation, and growth. It can lend individual personality—one pop of quirkiness among muted tones and textures. A form of plaster made of mud, clay and moss used in poteaux-en-terre construction in French Colonial architecture, particularly in Louisiana. A garden structure built up over a path or narrow terrace, lined with evenly spaced columns or posts that support a wooden-framed roof without sheathing. SEPTIC TANK- A covered tank in which waste matter is decomposed by natural bacterial … A gable roof whose rear slope is longer than its front slope. A slender, pointed construction atop a building, often a church. ‘High-low’ is very important in terms of price point; that’s inherently Southern.” –Retta le Ritz, Retta le Ritz interior design studio, TRANSITIONAL: “This style is seen as classic with a modern take. Twenty years from now, contemporary design will have a whole new look.” –Maria Lesko and Channing Glover, C&M Interiors, CHINOISERIE: “A French word that means ‘in the Chinese taste.’ It describes a European style of decorative ornament that was wildly popular in the 17th and 18th centuries, and still looks great today. A wooden grid of boards overlaid atop an exterior surface. Plus, local interior designers explain various styles and movements and how they influence their work. A roof covered with straw, which is layered so as to shed rain quickly and effectively. Naval architecture The architect's deadlines for producing documents. An arch that is pointed at its apex, rather than rounded; common in Gothic and Gothic Revival architecture. shared throughout a common people. A rigid framework, as of wooden beams or metal bars, which supports a structure, such as a roof. Adobe buildings are particularly common in the southwestern United States, where they are indigenous. We know what we like and what we don’t like. The rear slope often very nearly meets the ground. Long slats of wood that are nailed to an exterior surface in a horizontal fashion, overlapping one another from top to bottom. A vertical supporting element, similar to a small column. Due to the impermanent nature of this construction, very few Poteau- en-terre buildings remain. A roof covered with tiles that are usually hollow and half-cylindrical in shape, and made out of clay. Nave, where the congregation sits.. Aisles round the edges. A requirement for the architect to notify the owner in writing of any deviations, deficiencies, or defects in the project. The lavish interiors created for the well-off increased demand for the style into the middle and lower classes.”  –Interior Design Timeline via Visually, “The objects have to have an interrelationship before you mix them all together. The reign of Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, which commenced upon the coronation of Queen Victoria on June 20, 1837 and concluded upon her death on January 22, 1901 (Victoria was also crowned the Empress of India on May 1, 1876). In order to qualify for an entry-level position with an architecture or design firm, interior architects need a 4-year degree. –Maria Lesko and Channing Glover, C&M Interiors, –David Deatherage, David Deatherage Design, –Retta le Ritz, Retta le Ritz interior design studio, –Heather Helms, president of the Missouri East Chapter of the American Society of Interior Design. The Parthenon temple was built in honor of the Greek goddess Athena; it was ringed with 46 columns, and crowned by two pediments containing a wealth of sculptural detail. Clapboards are a traditional weather-proofing device. Shapes demarcated upon masonry by scored lines. The Corinthian column was the showiest of the three basic columns, with a tall acanthus leaf capital, a molded base, and a slender, fluted shaft. Glossary was compiled by … If any definitions still seem hard to envision, check out the examples for each. Gingerbreading often took the form of scalloped or zig-zag-edged clapboards, which were often painted in contrasting colors. We've all been there before. A window that is fully arched at its top. Bright colors are sometimes used to contrast against the neutral feel.”  –Interior Design Timeline via Visually, “Modern design speaks to us because of the innovative and classic designs that were brought forth by some of the most appreciated and well-known designers in history. 1. In the late 19th- and early 20th-centuries, a kitchen inspired by the kitchens of Colonial America. Architecture modeled after the buildings of ancient Greece and Rome. ART DECO: “A decorative style of the 1920s and 1930s using elements intended to suggest modern technological developments.” (A History of Interior Design, by John Pile and Judith Gura) Art Deco “stood for modernity as well as elegance and glamour. The contract is often a method of driving change. Now with the addition of the term ‘Interior Architect’ coming into the conversation, being able to establish the correct terminology, to define the role and responsibilities, and to … Sponsored Ad. Elizabethan architecture resulted from the English debut of French and Italian Renaissance architecture, whose classical order and symmetry transformed the asymmetrical and rambling medieval English castle. Similar to a terrace, a patio is an outdoor extension of a building, situated above the ground level, and open to the sky. Interior Design and Decorating is a wonderful career choice, but there are just so many things to remember, it is like learning a new language. One of the most iconic buildings of the classical world, erected in Athens around 440 B.C.E. Date: 2009-2010. An architectural term applied to a colonnade, in which the intercolumniation is alternately wide and narrow. A structural element that provides support over an opening in a masonry wall (i.e., made of brick or stone). Like-a-picture, charming, quaint. the practice of an interior architect, where architecture means to offer or render professional … Examples of case-goods are chests, tables, dressers, bookshelves and cabinets. A curved bay window. See bay window. Feb 11, 2019 Photo: Christian Harder; Interior Design by Joan Enger. See stick-work. Rather, images––composed of lines, forms, volumes, and surfaces––normally describe the first impulses of design.The Analogues are simple experiments in using the medium of words, rather than images, to generate new architectural concepts.. A sequence of alternating raised and lowered wall sections at the top of a high exterior wall or parapet. An “S”-curve is itself made up of two curves: a concave curve in its lower half, and a convex curve in its upper half. The NPS is often referred to as the largest single employer of landscape architects in the United States. Jacobean architecture was revived in the United States the early 20th century. An Interior Design Glossary with many words and definitions related to Interior Design. A hood molding is also referred to as a “drip molding.”. The bell roof has origins in Normandy, toured extensively by Stanford White, who incorporated bell roofs into many of his Shingle Style houses and buildings. Crenellations were originally employed for defensive purposes (one could hide behind a raised wall section, while shooting down at enemies from over a lowered wall section), but were later used for decoration. Terms related interior design. A series of arches supported by columns or other vertical elements. Get information on Certified Residential Interior Designer programs by entering your zip code and request enrollment information. A roof shaped like a bell, and typically situated on top of a round tower. Quizlet flashcards, activities and … A colonial kitchen is usually large, with a wide, open hearth, and contains no modern conveniences (or else contains modern conveniences contrived to look pre-modern). At times, gingerbreading could be superfluous and almost gaudy, with excessive frills and curlicues. The free-flowing floor plans of the Shingle and Prairie Styles are precursors to the modern floor plans of the 1930s onward, which emphasize a great deal of open space. A gallerie connects interior rooms together, much like a hallway. The widespread use in the mid-19th century of the jigsaw – a hand tool consisting of a handle attached to a small, thin blade – made gingerbread decorations readily available to home builders. A shallow, non-structural rectangular column, attached to, and projecting only slightly from, a wall surface. ... forming an interior or exterior portico through which one enters a monumental building, hence a monumental entranceway. Architecture constructed in England during the reigns of James I, Charles I, Charles II, and James II (1603-1688); Jacobean architecture followed Elizabethan architecture, and preceded the English Renaissance architecture of Inigo Jones. The designers from the Modern era inspire us to explore the unknown. A projecting bay that is lit on all of its projecting sides by windows. Ottoman A mixing of various architectural styles and ornamentation of the past and present, including ornamentation from Asia. Columns may be plain or ornamental. The inclined, sloping framing members of a roof, and to which the roof covering is affixed. A window frame that is hinged on one vertical side, and which swings open to either the inside or the outside of the building. Make a tax-deductible donation to the Trust for Architectural Easements today. and plainest of the three basic orders of classical Greek architecture (the others being the Ionic and the Corinthian orders). See gingerbreading. A house associated with fairy tales of Germanic origin. A fixed window positioned to the side of a doorway or window. Below is a glossary of architectural elements and terms that you may become familiar with when working with Architectural Realms®. Click the menu tabs to see additional helpful subject terms for your OneSearch and database searches. New York City Landmarks Designates Park Slope Expansion District. Fenestration: It’s a blanket terms for the design, construction, and presence of any openings in a building.Think windows, doors, vents, wall panels, skylights, curtain walls or louvers. A design that incorporates a pointed shape similar to an accent mark, common to Art Deco architecture. A four-sided hipped roof featuring two slopes on each side, the lower slopes being very steep, almost vertical, and the upper slopes sometimes being so horizontal that they are not visible from the ground. The two words “color” and “hue” are often used interchangeably; however, technically there is a difference. Properly communicating with your stylist, interior decorator or an art collector is the key to ending up with a product full of your personal style. The following are common architectural terms. Colloquially, a patio is a more informal space than a terrace. Antique: Decorative elements that are 100 years older. An arch consisting of two opposing “S”-curves meeting in a point at the apex. Architrave: 1. A narrow window, sometimes hinged at the top, positioned over a doorway or larger window. Ventilation panels, often highly decorative. Chic: Design term use for “trust me, you’ll like it.” A saw with a small, thin blade used for cutting curves and curlicues in wooden boards. A window lighting an attic story, and often located in a cornice. Often, a bay will protrude from the surface of the wall in which it is situated, thus creating a small, nook-like interior space, often of a rectangular or semi-hexagonal outline. A mode of wall construction in French Colonial America in which tall posts are rammed into the ground, and the spaces between them are filled with mud plaster, also known as bousillage. Architectural elements that have the appearance of having been sculpted. Architectural ideas usually do not originate in words. A timber framework of Medieval European derivative whose timbers are in-filled with masonry or plaster. In reaction to growing urbanization, mechanization and demographic changes, many Americans pined for simpler times and romanticized the past. A structural support, similar to a column, but larger and more massive, and often without ornamentation. Elizabethan architecture was revived in the United States in the early 20th century. Their clean, simple forms and patterns are timeless. This pairing is common and is most effective when several pairs of columns are used in series to form a colonnade. Interior Designer, Architect or Interior Architect? Blind arcade or arcading: the same applied to the wall surface. I find a touch of Chinoiserie applied with a light hand to a Bernoudy is taking the interior in a more decorative direction without stepping too far away from the root of the design. Interior Design Architecture Terms study guide by megankelley16 includes 17 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Glossary of Architectural Terms. Double doors are often referred to as “French doors”, due to their preponderance in French architecture. A projecting window of an upper floor, supported from below by a bracket. A ridged roof with two slopes at each side, the lower slopes being steeper than the upper slopes. Generally referred to as the spatial art of environmental design, form and practice, interior architecture is the process through which the interiors of buildings are designed, concerned with all aspects of the human uses of structural spaces. Advancing colors:This phrase is used to describe the optical illusion, often created by dark colors, of making a surface appear closer or larger than it actually is. 3. Materials such as plastic, steel and laminate were heavily used. Architecture constructed in England during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603); Elizabethan architecture followed Tudor architecture, and preceded Jacobean architecture. See eclecticism. Flooring would blend from one room to another, as would the walls, which were usually left bare or painted white.” –Interior Design Timeline via Visually, SCANDINAVIAN: “Simplicity and function are the guiding principles that have shaped the design sensibilities of Nordic Europe, resulting in spaces suffused with light, airiness, and a feeling of oneness with nature. To come across correctly, there has to be a grid—an alignment of styles, something that glues them together. The terms, with variations, are used for all kinds of Christian churches.. Horizontal layout. Mid century modern is a term that is used to describe furniture and architecture that was modern in the 1950's. See lattice-work. Owner right to appro… Here we’ve compiled a glossary—with quotes from designers whose body of work is informed by a particular style—to help you express your design wishes. Colored glass. I love the feeling of wood and something green and earthy. An exceptionally tall portion of a building. Discovered by excavation in 1748, they provided much insight into the life, times, and architecture of the ancient Romans of the 1st century. A timber dwelling, cottage, or lodge with a gable roof and wide eaves, indigenous to the Swiss Alps, but now found worldwide. An outdoor extension of a building, situated above the ground level, and open to the sky. A turret is usually cylindrical, and is topped by a conical roof. 4. A wooden grid of boards overlaid atop an exterior surface. A semi-circular or semi-elliptical window, with wedge-shaped panes of glass separated by mullions arranged like the spokes of a wagon wheel. These years marked the height of both the British Empire and the Industrial Revolution, when the United Kingdom became a global power, and its culture, including its architecture, assimilated influences from all over the world. Copyright 2020 SLM Media Group. 4. Jack arches are not actually arch-shaped, but are, instead, flat, and made of individual wedge-shaped bricks or stones held in place through compression. An Ionic column is tall and slender, with a fluted shaft of 24 flutes, a capital with prominent volute scrolls, and an elegantly molded base. ECLECTIC: “The eclectic style forced a rise in the interior design trade as it created a need … Glossary of Architectural Terms Page 2 Corinthian column capital in architectural fiberglass (GFRP) featuring stylized Acanthus leaves. Saltbox roofs are common to the architecture of Colonial New England. The movable frames in a window in which window panes are set. Note that the formal subject library-phrase "interior decoration" will get you different results than using the more common "interior design".Try using the following words in your subject or keyword searches (click links to see book titles in OneSearch. A railing consisting of a row of balusters supporting a rail. French Baroque architecture melded traditional French architectural forms (such as steep roofs and irregular rooflines) with classical Italian elements (such as columns, porticos, and segmental pediments), and greatly influenced the non-religious architecture of 18th-century Europe. Small rectangular blocks that, when placed together in a row abutting a molding, suggest a row of teeth. Arcade Passage or walkway covered over by a succession of arches or vaults supported by columns. In classical architecture, series of urns and continuous or repeated swags of garlands are common decorative motifs. We gravitate toward certain color palettes, lines and shapes, and architectural details, but communicating that vision to a designer often leaves us flummoxed, searching for just the right words. Architects may also require understanding of sustainability, culture, law, business, materials, physics and other sciences. Bricks formed out of mud or clay, and baked in a kiln or under the sun. 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