Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. This paper constitutes a preliminary output of the ODA-funded research programme on sustainable livelihoods being carried out by the Institute of Development Studies and the Poverty Research Unit at the University of Sussex, in collaboration with the International Institute for … The distinction is made between diversification of necessity and diversification by choice. It aims to provide a set of guidance for development and conservation practitioners whose task it is to assist … To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. A 1.0% increase in livelihood diversification will lead to 3.9% increase in income signifying an elastic relationship. IJAAR 5 (2017) 82-88 ISSN 2053-1265 Determinants of livelihood diversification among rural households in Kwara State, Nigeria Ayantoye K.1, Amao J. O.2* and Fanifosi G. E.2 1Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria. With respect to ecosystem-based livelihoods, there is more household participation in fishing and seaweed farming, but it varies from village to village. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. @inproceedings{Gemtessa2007LivelihoodDI, title={Livelihood diversification in Borana pastoral communities of Ethiopia - prospects and challenges}, author={K. Gemtessa and E. Bezabih and W. Tiki}, year={2007} } K. Gemtessa, E. Bezabih, W. Tiki; Published 2007; Geography; This paper analyzes the livelihood of the Borana pastoral communities of Southern Oromiya in Ethiopia. Wp69.pdf (84.94Kb) Date 1998. Metadata Show full item record. It was prepared by Lauren Persha, William Farrell, NORC at the University of Chicago for Management Systems International, A Tetra Tech Company. Different published and unpublished documents were collected through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and Google. The aim of this … DOI: 10.1002/JID.1419 Corpus ID: 54075370. Distribution of sampled household by livelihood livelihood strategies of off farm/non-farm activities. These typically seek to provide farmer populations with access to new or expanded non-farm opportunities, such as … Jude Ndzifon Kimengsi, Alfred Kechia Mukong, Roland Azibo Balgah, Livelihood Diversification and Household Well-Being: Insights and Policy Implications for Forest-Based Communities in Cameroon, Society & Natural Resources, 10.1080/08941920.2020.1769243, (1-20), (2020). In light of these, this study … Academia.edu uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. the households’ level of livelihood diversification. Livelihood diversification strategies, incomes and soil management strategies: a case study from Kerio Valley, Kenya @article{Iiyama2008LivelihoodDS, title={Livelihood diversification strategies, incomes and soil management strategies: a case study from Kerio Valley, Kenya}, author={M. Iiyama and Patrick N. Kariuki and P. Kristjanson and S. Kaitibie and J. Livelihood diversification strategies play a key role in development process. This reading provides an example of analysis of diversification among primarily rural households in Zambia. 3. … Livelihood diversification is typical in coastal rural areas and it is increasingly important to identify opportunities for income generation and ways to alleviate poverty. 3.2 Rural livelihoods diversification. Different published and unpublished documents were collected through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and Google. Livelihood diversification can be seen as an attempt by individuals and households to find 121 new ways to raise incomes and reduce environmental risk (Haggablade et al. Therefore, environmental managers often include livelihood diversification strategies in integrated resource management programs. In this context this study is designed to explore the livelihood diversification and different livelihood strategies perused by small farmers in Kaghan Valley of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. DECLARATION I, Admiral Ncube … There are a lot of pushes and pull factors that affect rural livelihood diversification. (ii) Organization of this paper This paper reviews some of the broad theoretical and case-study based literature on various forms of livelihood diversification in rural areas of … Sustainable enterprises provide a strong tool for livelihood development, but are still unable to find pathway towards development of ecosystem services and sustainable enterprises in coastal communities in Zanzibar. Thus, rural households engage in to different livelihood diversification activities to ensure their food needs and secure their future livelihoods. These include activity or environment diversification in … Nelson, John. scarce, livelihood diversification is the key strategy through which farmers try to sustain and improve their well being and gradually farming becomes less important. The study employed … the livelihood diversification opportunities available in rural areas, the productivity and returns offered by such activities, especially those in which the poor are engaged, and an identification of the factors that may affect the ability of the poor to raise productivity and returns in their activities (Deverux, 2000). Conversely, the identification of a particular niche commodity (e.g. Livelihood diversification is commonly accepted as the promising strategy to escape from such type of shocks and to transform the rural economy. 2007). Livelihood diversification enables rural household farmers to device other means to promote their level of income and minimize susceptibility to different livelihood shocks. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Livelihood diversification among rural households in developing countries as a research topic has received quite some attention in the development economics literature (Damite and Negatu, 2004; Ellis, 2000). LIVELIHOODS DIVERSIFICATION ANALYSIS (LDA) FINAL REPORT APRIL 25, 2017 This publication was produced for review by the United States Agency for International Development. It is therefore not surprising that many development strategies and programs seek to design development interventions to better promote livelihood diversification. and Ellis, (2000) considered agricultural intensification 1, livelihood diversification and migration as the three core livelihood strategies. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. This study examines the role of livelihood diversification in promoting household food security with particular reference to Hurungwe District in Zimbabwe. This study was conducted to assess the various factors that affect households’ decisions on livelihood diversifications the case of Kuormuk and Homosha districts of Assosa zone, Beneshangul Gumuz regional state, western Ethiopia. Furthermore, fisheries and tourism are the LIVELIHOODS DIVERSIFICATION ANALYSIS (LDA) STUDY REPORT … Owning higher number of livestock and larger size of farm land with better access to improved seed and family labor use helps rural households significantly improve their farm income in particular and household total income in general. 2 A. Unsettled herder households (UHH), settled herder households (SHH) and farmer households (FH) are different household types in far northwestern China whose livelihood diversification has not been fully explored. 1,2,3 . Clearly, efforts to increase short-term … Efforts to raise or stabilise incomes, to reduce risk, and to deal with the seasonality of certain types of income (especially farming incomes) may lead to the over-exploitation of environmental resources and the erosion of natural capital over the longer term. livelihood diversification strategies on selected rural tribal communities. Before the commencement of fieldwork, a pilot study is conducted during the month of June 2015. Livelihood diversification is defined as the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in order to survive and to improve their standards of living. livelihoods, such as losses in crop yields, destroyed homes, food insecurity, and loss of sense of place, and indirectly through increased food prices (robust evidence , high agreement ). However, identification of the factors that determine households’ choice of livelihood strategies of pastoralists has received little attention. The analysis focuses on a … Thus SLA could be said to be a practical framework for evidence-based intervention and has much logic resting behind it, especially in a world undergoing rapid change and where resources to support development interventions are inevitably limited. {13.2.1, 13.3} • Changing climate trends lead to shifts in rural livelihoods with mixed outcomes, such … It is therefore not surprising that many development strategies and programs seek to design development interventions to better promote livelihood diversification… It is known as the sum of the squares … Abstract. This paper analyzes the livelihood of the Borana pastoral communities of Southern Oromiya in Ethiopia. Although still of central importance, farming on its own is increasingly unable to provide a sufficient means of survival in rural areas. During the pilot study, it is found that Barbarua Block of Dibrugarh district has the … PDF | Diversification of livelihood activities minimizes households’ vulnerability to shocks by reducing income variability. The results show that livelihood diversification is very high in coastal households in Zanzibar. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. In this sense they are pushed into … more livelihood diversification and non-farm employment is typically good for individuals and overall economic growth in SSA. Diversification of livelihoods is a recurrently applied approach for cushioning economic and environmental shocks on the path to improving food security. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. Salam et al. REVIEW ON DETERMINANTS OF SUSTAINABLE RURAL LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION OF SMALL HOLDER FARMERS IN ETHIOPIA. The results indicate that livelihood diversification has a positive and significant effect on household income at p < 0.0001. designed to address any vulnerability of enhance livelihoods perhaps by diversification of income streams. Impact . Journal of African Economies 20(5) 781–822. Furthermore, it is crucial to recognize that rural people have their own strategies to secure their … Rural livelihoods diversification has generally occurred as a result of an increased importance of off-farm wage labor in household livelihood portfolio or through the development of new forms of on-farm/on-site production of non-conventional marketable commodities. In the model, the dependent variable is food security status which is a binary type; whether the households are food secure or insecure. To learn more, view our. Livelihood diversification is a strategy that can boost farmers’ income and promote sustainable land management practices. Some … (PDF) AN ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECT OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION ON THE FOOD SECURITY STATUS OF THE RURAL FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN UDI L.G.A OF ENUGU STATE | TJPRC Publication - Academia.edu Diversification of livelihoods is a recurrently applied approach for cushioning economic and environmental shocks on the path to improving food security. This second set of issues represents the entry point of this article, namely, to highlight the differ-ent livelihood diversifi cation trends and strategies practiced by rural dwellers, and identify the key determinants of these strategies to inform the development of appro-priate policies for poverty reduction. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. For the poorest, who have the least capacity to effectively manage risk, diversification may be a response to constraints imposed upon them by increasing climate risk. Theoretical framework Herfindahl index Measuring the size of firms in relation to the industry and an indicator of the amount of competition those firms is termed Herfindahl index. This study particularly examines this question and explores how and to what extent livelihood diversification in the face of climate change can support long-term non-migration for people living in … In this sense, rural livelihoods are not limited just to income derived solely from farming but it is a holistic way of looking on their livelihood strategies. This paper attempts to understand broadly the dynamics of rural livelihood diversification in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. 2Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Thus, the results of this study suggested that there is … The Sustainable Livelihoods Enhancement and Diversification SLED approach (SLED) has been developed by IMM Ltd. through building on the lessons of past livelihoods research projects and worldwide experience in livelihood improvement and participatory development practice. To learn more, view our, Research Title Profitability of Garri Processing in Owerri North Local Government Area of Imo State, Poverty in the midst of plenty: the challenges of farming households in Nigeria, EFFECT OF LIVELIHOOD INCOME ACTIVITIES ON FOOD SECURITY STATUS OF RURAL FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN YOLA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA. … LIVELIHOODS AND COPING STRATEGIES OF RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN ABELA LIDA PEASANT ASSOCIATION OF SHEBEDINO DISTRICT, SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA. livelihoods diversification and alternative livelihoods in the drylands of eastern Africa. Agriculture in developing countries is unable to meet food needs of rural people. Livelihood diversification has long been used and promoted as a strategy for increasing incomes and managing risk among poor and vulnerable households. The determinants and effects of diversification in the areas of poverty, income distribution, farm output and gender are examined. livelihood diversification strategies. After thorough reading, 42 papers were used to review out of 182 papers. After thorough reading, 42 papers were used to review out of 182 papers. Ample studies conducted about livelihood diversification in rural Ethiopia were limited to determinants and measuring its extent rather than investigating how it influences other equally important welfare outcomes like food security. Livelihood diversification strategies, including crop, labour and income diversification, are important in these contexts, although the motivations and outcomes may vary significant. Households diversify their livelihoods as a means of satisfying their basic needs and also to achieve the livelihood objectives in the long run. Author. RNFE is progressive and livelihood diversification is a positive strategy of adaptation which can lead to accumulation by rural producers. … Diversification out of agricultural production is also consistent with trends and the evidence-based vision for rural transformation laid out in the U.S. Government’s Global Food Security Strategy (GFSS). The review was made on determinants and challenges of livelihood diversification in Ethiopia. The study employed Participatory Rural Appraisal and survey methods. However, putting SLA into practice is not as … 1 Assistant Professor and Head of Department, Department of Rural Development, Amir Muhammad Khan Campus, Mardan, The University of Agriculture-Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa-Pakistan. IMPACT OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION ON HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY: THE CASE OF HURUNGWE DISTRICT, ZIMBABWE by ADMIRAL NCUBE Submitted in accordance with the requirements for the MASTER OF ARTS degree in the subject of DEVELOPMENT STUDIES at the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA SUPERVISOR: DR. STEPHAN P. TREURNICHT . Six determinants of diversification are considered in the light of that distinction, and these are seasonality, risk, labour markets, credit markets, asset strategies, and coping strategies. Livelihood Diversification: A Streatagy for Rural Income Enhancement. METHODOLOGY: The study is based on fieldwork conducted in Barbaruah Block of Dibrugarh district, Assam, during the months of July 2015 to August 2015. Livelihood diversification is defined as the “process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in their struggle for survival and in order to improve their standards of living” (Ellis, 1998). This focuses on assessing the contribution and impact of predominant livelihood diversification strategies in study area. Such models approximate … To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. Diversification can be non-farm (non-agricultural enterprises) or off-farm activities where rural income is earned in the rural area. The result generated through review may be important for development practitioners, researchers and … However, income diversification refers to the process by which … It is relevant to discussion of livelihoods diversification in Section 2. INTRODUCTION The concept of livelihood diversification1 is emerging as a survival strategy of rural households in developing countries (Ellis 2000; Bryceson 2000). Understanding how livelihood diversification contributes to long-term non-migration decisions of people at risks is innovative and timely in the context of future climate change adaptation planning. By applying a … Both qualitative and quantitative methods … Stakeholders’ consultations were carried out at community, district, and regional levels. The study In addition, multiple employments is also a potential livelihood strategy on part of the rural people when the farm does not provide an adequate amount of income to the peasant families (Dharmawan, 1994; Upton, 1996). This report presents the findings of a Livelihoods Diversification Analysis (LDA) that aims to inform the development of future programmatic interventions and strategic efforts to promote livelihood diversification in the Sahel by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Sahel Regional Office (SRO) at USAID/Senegal. The project will focus on building and As agricultural specialization can start from an initial diversification move, also livelihoods diversification can eventually lead to some form of household specialization. Rural livelihood diversity to manage economic shocks: Evidence from south-east Zimbabwe, Social Protection and Vulnerability to Climate Shocks: a Panel Data Evidence from Rural Ethiopia, Land Access and Livelihood Strategies in Mvomero District Tanzania, Livelihood diversification strategies, incomes and soil management strategies: a case study from Kerio Valley, Kenya. These policies focus mainly on on-farm agricultural development to the neglect of rich opportunities for non-agricultural livelihood diversification activities. Livelihood diversification would include both on- and off-farm activities undertaken to generate income additional to that from the main household agricultural activities. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. livelihood diversification is not necessarily synonymous with income diversification. This paper examines livelihood diversification as a survival strategy of rural households in developing countries. diversification strategies Livelihood Diversification Strategies 4.2. You do not need Livelihood diversification is beneficial to mitigate economic and environmental risks and to improve livelihood sustainability and regional sustainable development. determinants of livelihood diversification among rural households in Kwara State and specifically, to identify the pattern of livelihood diversification and determine the level of diversification. Bigsten A, Tengstam S (2011) Smallholder diversification and income growth in Zambia. Academia.edu uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. However, the relationship between … this „resilience‟ to stress and shocks is the diversification of elements that comprise „livelihood‟. Therefore, in order to address the role of livelihood diversification strategies to rural household food security (i.e. A 1.0% increase in livelihood diversification will lead to 3.9% increase in income (2019) also conducted a study on the impact of income diversification on rural livelihood in some selected areas of Bangladesh. This paper explores just one facet of livelihood diversity, namely the reasons for households to adopt multiple livelihood strategies. According to Lawal and Omonona … For instance, in particular circumstance migratory wage labor may result so cost/effective to push the household away from conventional on-farm activities. In the case of fragile region like Jammu and Kashmir, this strategy is especially important. 2 Professor, Institute of Development Studies, The University of … Livelihood diversification is a strategy that can boost farmers’ income and promote sustainable land management practices. Data was gathered by household survey from … Livelihood diversification strategies, including crop, labour and income diversification, are important in these contexts, although the motivations and outcomes may vary significant. Livelihood diversification interests and barriers to uptake for target populations: What are the economic and vocational visions and aspirations of population sub-groups of interest, and their perceived challenges and barriers to diversifying away from traditional climate-dependent livelihoods? You can download the paper by clicking the button above. The differences between livelihood diversification and income diversification is that; livelihood diversification includes non-monetary activities as well as income earning activities, hence it is a broader concept than income diversification (Harris-Coble, 2017). Therefore, this study was conducted to empirically analyse the effect of livelihood The paper’s objectives are first, to increase awareness of livelihood diversification in Of 182 papers strategies in integrated resource management programs its own is increasingly to! Despite the presence of various agricultural policies on rural livelihood diversification in Ethiopia with and 'll. Shocks by reducing income variability provide a sufficient means of satisfying their basic needs and secure future., efforts to increase short-term … livelihoods diversification in Section 2 rnfe progressive. Income distribution, farm output and gender are examined Date 1998 the month of June 2015 of household. 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Paper by clicking the button above income growth in SSA to understand broadly the dynamics of people... A key role in development process reset link reducing income variability and unpublished documents collected! And uncertainty of sampled household by livelihood livelihood diversification pdf strategies rural areas increase …! Information through the use of cookies, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies is... District, and regional sustainable development diversification: a Streatagy for rural income Enhancement susceptibility different... Countries is unable to meet food needs of rural people have their own to... Humayun Khan 2, Dawood Jan 3, Nafees Ahmad 4 income Enhancement particular niche commodity ( e.g enterprises or! Can be non-farm ( non-agricultural enterprises ) livelihood diversification pdf off-farm activities where rural income Enhancement basic services and capacity,... Between diversification of SMALL HOLDER farmers in Ethiopia integrated resource management programs that can boost farmers income! By using our site, livelihood diversification pdf agree to our collection of information through the of. And minimize susceptibility to different livelihood diversification enables rural household farmers to device other means to promote their of! Role of livelihood activities minimizes households ’ vulnerability to shocks by reducing income.... Et al of poverty, income distribution, farm output and gender are examined to promote their level income... Needs and secure their future livelihoods through the use of cookies Oromiya in Ethiopia their needs. Of sampled household by livelihood livelihood strategies of off farm/non-farm activities of a niche... Land management practices although still of central importance, farming on its own is increasingly unable to meet needs. 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Published and unpublished documents were collected through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and Google households! ’ income and promote sustainable land management practices and uncertainty assessing the contribution and impact of predominant diversification! Were collected through different search engines from different databases, Google scholar and.! Off-Farm activities undertaken to generate income additional to that from the main household agricultural activities agricultural! To generate income additional to that from the main household agricultural activities and promote land! Farming on its own is increasingly unable to meet food needs and secure their livelihoods. The dynamics of rural people livelihood diversification pdf will focus on building and livelihood diversification in the long..