Imam Hambal (ra) died after a short illness in Baghdad, on Friday evening, 12 Rabi-ul-Awwal, 241 A.H. (855 A.C.) at the age of 77 years. First Discourse: Propositions and Concepts of 'Idalah in Imam Khomeini's Perspective. It contains the rulings of the Imam on all subjects of Islamic Law. Abu Abdulla Muhammad ibn Idris ibn Al-Abbas bin Usman bin Shafi'. Imam Shafi'ee (ra) never committed a major sin nor spoke a lie, nor did he swallow an unlawful morsel of food in his entire life. The sufferings of Imam Hambal ended when Al-Mutawakkil took over as ruler, restored the traditional teachings of Islam and accorded the Imam the honour befitting the great scholar. Being a devotee of the Sunnah, and an opposer of Bid'at it fell upon the shoulders of Imam Hambal (ra) to oppose this doctrine vigorously. For the purpose of his study, he sought out over 300 "Tabi'een" = those who saw the Sahaba/Companions of the Holy Prophet (saw), and acquired from them the knowledge of the Holy Prophet's (saw) Ahadith and Sunnah. It only takes a minute to sign up. The news of his death soon spread throughout Baghdad. Imam Hambal succumbed to the sufferings rather than deviate from the beliefs and practices of the Sunnah. Among his several works is the Encyclopaedia of Ahadith called Masnad, compiled by his son Abdulla from his lectures, and amplified by references to over 28,000 Ahadith. He never at any time performed Jumma without Ghusal. Keeping both before him, he formulated the basis of the Shafi'ee Fiqah. Our Price Beat Guarantee Policy is not only to match the competition but also to beat the price. No Scholar more brilliant than Muhammad ibn Idris Shafi'ee ever came to me as a pupil. Physical description: Tall, heavily built, fair but reddish, wide eyes, beautiful nose, very little hair on the forehead, heavy long beard which reached his chest. Islam, the only authentic revealed religion of the world, does not leave the issue of leadership unturned. Haroon ar-Rasheed In a global sense, imam is used to refer to the head of the Muslim community, especially in Shi’i Islam. IMAM MAALIK IBN ANAS (ra) - ORIGIN OF MALIKI FIQAH. In his lifetime Imam Abu Hanifa is reputed to have performed fifty Hajj. His ancestor - Shafi'- was the flag bearer of the Banu Hashim in Badr. He is revered and respected in the highest regard by all the scholars of Islam to the time. He was an extremely generous personality who on numerous occasions gave away all he possessed to the poor and needy. It was only after seventy Ulama certified him as an authority, did he commence issuing Fatwa. In Makka his tutor was Sufyan bin Ainiyyah. Among his first tutors was Imam-ush-Shua'raa Hazrat Naafe' bin Abdur Rahman (died - 169 A.H.) from whom he mastered the Qur'an. © Dawn Travels 1996-2021. A large number of his devoted and highly intelligent students worked under him for 30 years, and it is the labour of these students that gave us the Hanafi School of thought. He had the honour of occupying the home of Hazrat Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (ra) and conducting lessons from the same spot where Rasulullah (saw) spent his time for I'tikaaf, in the Masjid-un-Nabi. He also had memorized Muwatta of Imam Maalik by 15 years of age. He used to say, "How can I ride an animal whose feet tramples the ground in which lies resting of the Master (saw). These 7 were the centre of Ilm-e-Fiqah and Hadith in Madina. For days, people came in large numbers to pay their respects at the grave side. The various sects of Shiite Islam have different views of who were imams after Husayn. He was taken prisoner and released after ransom. The Imam had mastered both Maliki and Hanafi Fiqah. (An Nisa, 4:37) Imam Ali, Abu Turab (as) said: "I wonder at the mentality of a miser, fearing poverty he takes to stinginess and thus hastily pushes himself headlong into a state of want and destitution, he madly desires plenty and ease, but throws it away without understanding. He was blessed with an amazing memory which was evident when he memorized the whole Book of Allah at a very young age of 7 years. Among numerous others, Muwatta is his most notable compilation of authentic ahadith which was analyzed and approved by up to 70 jurists of that time. Tafseer Surah Shu"raa (part 9) Sh.Hilali. He returned to Makka where he stayed for 9 years delivering lectures on Islamic Law. This Great Leader of Islamic Law died in Madina on the 11th Rabi-ul-Akhir 179 A.H. at the age 86 years. He invited the Imam to come to his camp in order to give lessons but the Imam refused. 4 The Shiite Concept of Imam... Saad Serhan/Getty Images News/Getty Images . Imam Shafi'ee remained in Baghdad as a student of Imam Muhammad for over three years to add further to his knowledge of Islamic Law. Abu Abdulla Muhammad ibn Idris ibn Al-Abbas bin Usman bin Shafi'. No Scholar more brilliant than Muhammad ibn Idris Shafi'ee ever came to me as a pupil. According to the Shi’ah, Muhammad’s son-in-law, Ali, was the first imam, and special spiritual authority passed through him and his … [a] The door of Fiqah was shut to the people, Allah opened it because of Shafi'ee. His mother was a Yemeni of the famous Bani Azd tribe. He was honoured as Al-Imaamul Mujaddid in that he is the Mujaddid of the 2nd century. The unit of analysis will be sermons of Muslim clerics. Imam Abu Hanifa's grandfather, Noaman, was the first in the family to accept Islam. JSTOR 20832784. Taking into account future visits to the Imam, he spent 10 years with Imam Muhammad. He established a school at Kufa, which later became a famous College of Theology. His ancestral home was in Yemen, but his great grandfather - Aamir - settled in Madina after embracing Islam. Is Raza (permission) of authoritative leader/caliph/Imam required to lead prayers in Islam? Al-Mansoor, learning of this outrage, apologized to the Imam and dismissed the errant governor. Wichita Kansas Imams. First, thirteen key concepts in Islam—(1) brotherhood, (2) death, (3), freedom, (4) human rights, (5) justice and equality, (6) love, (7) oppression, (8) peace and treaty, self-defense, (10) sin, (11) submission, (12) terrorism, and (13) truth vs. lies—will be examined within imams’ sermons. The Banu Abbas rulers - Al-Ma'moon and Al-Mu'tasim who were influenced by the Mu'tazila - tried to force the Ulama to accept the Mu'tazila doctrine. Later, whilst still a youngster he joined the Hadith classes of Naafe'. 13th December 2020. He started learning fiqh from the famous Hanafi scholar Qadhi Abu Yusuf but later discontinued the study of fiqh in favor of hadith. He left behind a large number of dedicated students in Makka, Baghdad and Egypt. Imam Abu Hanifa (ra) was the 1st of the Imams to advocate the use of "reason" in the consideration of religious questions based on the Qur'an and Sunnah. Here he delivered lectures on Islamic Law and related subjects. He personally, with his two sons, journeyed to Madina to listen to the Muatta. Kufa had become the 3rd most important centre of learning during Hazrat Umar's (ra) Khilafat. According to Imamite authors, none of the previous Imams had been spied upon as had the eleventh. The home of Imam Malik too was a centre of Ilm-e-Nabawi. He stayed with him for 3 years, during which time he recorded so much information, that the volumes filled 3 book shelves. Imam Malik had the highest regard for the Holy Prophet (saw) as well as for his Ahadith. Propositions. These fatwas form the basis of the Hambali School of Thought. He delivered lectures on Islamic Law, and issued fatwas (Islamic Rulings) for nearly 62 years. He wore expensive clothing and used much Ittar. Translated by Hamid Algar. Imam Shafi'ee (ra) too on the other hand relied very much on the knowledge of Ahadith and Sunnah which Imam Ahmad Hambal (ra) possessed. Khomeini, Ruhallah (1995). Among his 1st and the most important tutors was Imam Hammad (Died 120 A.H.) whose educational lineage is linked with Hazrat Abdulla Ibn Mas'ood (ra). "If I am lying," the Imam said, "then my statement is doubly correct. He considered the shaver of moustache as Makrooh and a Mussla (disfigurer). IMAM ABU HANIFA (ra) Imam Abu Hanifa (ra) had joined his father's business wherein he showed scrupulous honesty and fairness. Haroon ar-Rasheed was a patron of the Ulama. These kind of people are sometimes jealous of the ones who live a happy and stress-free life and as a result they cast the evil eye. There is a different understanding of the concept of Imam in different Islamic groups. He was born in Rajab 150 A.H. Imam Malik issued a fatwa in favour of these two and against the government. In Shia Islam, the Imamah (Arabic: إمامة ‎) is a doctrine which asserts that certain individuals from the lineage of the Islamic prophet Muhammad are to be accepted as leaders and guides of the ummah after the death of Muhammad.Imamah further says that Imams possess divine knowledge and authority as well as being part of the Ahl al-Bayt, the family of Muhammad. Even in prison, the Imam continued to teach those who were permitted to come to him. He had great regard for Imam Malik. His other important works include a collection of his fatwas (Islamic rulings on religious matters) - covering over 20 volumes. 4 (1): 31–43. The Kitab-ul-Muatta is the earliest surviving book of its kind - written around 150 A.H. - and it is used in all Islamic institutions as one of the text books in the final year studies by graduating Ulama. Salaat – An Obligation and a Healing Resource, 5 Qualities that makes an Ideal Muslim Husband, Islamic Perspective: The Existence of Jinnaat. At the age of 20, (170 A.H./785 A.C.) he went to Madina and became a student of Imam Malik (ra) who was greatly impressed with the young student who had memorized the Muatta. It was in 204 A.H., only after he had reached the age of 40, that Imam Ahmad Hambal (ra) started conducting lessons and delivering lectures. He never rode during his entire life on an animal in Madina. Imam Shafi'ee (RAH) was born in Ghazza, Syria in 150 A.H. (765 A.C.) Ibn Mas'ud stayed in Madina but was later ordered to reside in Kufa. In those days, the Hajj season was the best means of spreading and deriving Islamic knowledge as Muslims from every corner of the Islamic world assembled in Makka. Islam and Revolution, Writings and Declarations of Imam Khomeini. But he refused to allow to his taqwa and sense of accountability before Allah and preferred a simple life. The Imam was also keenly interested in education. Biography of the Four Imams. Anybody can ask a question Anybody can answer The best answers are voted up and rise to the top Islam . All rights reserved. His most important work is the Kitab-ul-Aasaar which was compiled by his students - Imam Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad. Imam Malik was 86 years and had become quite weak, but he still continued to give lesson and issue fatwas. Imam Abu Hanifa (ra) was the 1st of the Imams to advocate the use of "reason" in the consideration of religious questions based on the Qur'an and Sunnah. First of all, there is no four ways, there is no definite limited to four Imams in Islam. He even rebuked Al-Mansoor for talking loudly when some Ahadith were being discussed. Among the four Imams, Abu Hanifa has the largest number of followers even today in all parts of the world {M.A.R.K.}. He spent 8 months with Imam Malik, then returned to Makka. His ancestor - Shafi'- was the flag bearer of the Banu Hashim in Badr. This led to his arrest by the governor of Madina and subsequent flogging - seventy lashes. His grandfather - Maalik - was an important Taabi-ee and a famous reporter of Ahadith. During the Khilafat of Mansoor Abbasi, oppression was on the increase. The Four Imams: Information Sheettaken from www.ask-imam.com. He spent some time among the Beduins outside Makka, to acquire a good knowledge of the Arabic language. Al-Mansoor, who had his own ideas and reasons for offering the post, lost his temper and accused the Imam of lying. Muslim bin Khalid who had noticed his remarkable intelligence, etc., advised him to study Fiqah. Being a prominent figure, his lectures attracted a huge gathering of at least 5,000 students among whom nearly 500 took down notes daily. In his reply to Al-Mansoor, the Imam excused himself by saying that he did not regard himself fit for the post offered. "How can you appoint a liar to the exalted post of a Chief Qazi?" Naafe' was once sent by Umar ibn Abdul Aziz (ra) to impart knowledge in Egypt. First Proposition: The Lord is on the straight path and in perfect moderation and His servants are also on the straight path and perfect moderation. He never rode during his entire life on an animal in Madina. At the age of 20, Imam Abu Hanifa turned his attention towards the pursuit of advancing his Islamic knowledge. IMAM MALIK IBN ANAS (ra) - ADDITIONAL FACTS. Since this fatwa was not in the interest of the ruler, the governor arrested the Imam and had him publicly flogged for the "crime". He had taught and issued fatwas for 62 years. Another report states that he met the Prophet (saw) as a youngster and became a Muslim. His ancestry joins the Prophet at Abd Manaaf. trimmed moustache above/edge of the lip. Imam Abu Hanifa benefited from nearly 4,000 Shaikhs. Imam Malik based his rulings in his Fatwas from the Fiqah of the above and this eventually became the "Maliki Fiqah. His pupils compiled his works, Fatwas, teachings, etc., and promoted the Shafi'ee School of Fiqah. These 7 were the centre of Ilm-e-Fiqah and Hadith in Madina. During his advancing years, he never went out of Madina - hoping to be buried therein. People continued to flock and before the Janaza could be finally taken for burial, the Salaatul Janaza was offered 6 times in all. He started teaching at the age of 17. It was due to the recommendation of Imam Muhammad (the state Qazi and student of Imam Abu Hanifa) that Imam Shafi'ee was discharged. He started learning fiqh at an early stage and was the student of renowned scholar of that time Hammad ibn Abi Sulaiman. Nu'man bin Thabit ibn Zauti,- well known in Islamic History as 'Imam Abu Hanifa' and 'Imam Azam' - was the son of a Persian merchant. {M.A.R.K. His grandfather - Maalik - was an important Taabi-ee and a famous reporter of Ahadith. Chronology of Early Scholars of Islam ... Beginning of Shi'ism was not documented before this time, but long after, when the concept of 12 Imams became the basis of Shi'as after the 12th Imam's disappearance in 878 CE. Imam Ahmad Hambal (ra) completed Hifz of the Qur'an at an early age. 1,300 people have reported Ahadith from him. Muslim bin Khalid who had noticed his remarkable intelligence, etc., advised him to study Fiqah. Later, whilst still a youngster he joined the Hadith classes of Naafe'. He lost his father when he was only three years old. He had memorized uncountable ahadith and had acquired unequaled excellence in the knowledge of fiqh in a very short time. Imam Musa Kazim (7) 7 Safar 129 AH/Oct 27, 745 (Thurs) al-Abwa, 7 mi from Medinah: 25 Rajab 183 AH/Sep 1, 799 (Sunday) Kadhimiya : Son of Imam Ja'far Sadiq, died in prison: Imam … Although he is the author of numerous books, his most important work is the Kitab-ul-Muatta, which deals with the subject of Islamic Law based on Ahadith and Sunnah. He in the community has the highest scores in terms of knowledge, purity, piety and religious devotion that is required for his Job. Nu'man bin Thabit ibn Zauti,- well known in Islamic History as 'Imam Abu Hanifa' and 'Imam Azam' - was the son of a Persian merchant. The Imam was also keenly interested in education. He never at any time performed Jumma without Ghusal. The best explanation of the word, hidaya has been offered by Imam Raghib al-Isfahani in his Mufradat al-Qur’an, according to which hidaya or guidance signifies leading someone towards his destination, gently and kindly. (M.A.R.K.) Islam Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for Muslims, experts in Islam, and those interested in learning more about Islam. Records indicate the presence of 1050 Sahaba in Kufa of whom 24 were the participants of Badr. Imam Malik issued a fatwa in favour of these two and against the government. [b] Imam Shafi'ee is the Mujaddid of Deen. He wore expensive clothing and used much Ittar. Imam Shafi'ee said about these two: "Had it not been for Imam Malik and Sufyan, then Ilm Would not have remained in Hidjaz.". The whole town came out to pay their last homage to the greatest Imam of Islamic Law. Once his agent had sold a consignment of silk cloth on his behalf but forgot to mention a slight defect to the customers. 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